Nanotubes
Nanotubes

Enteropathogenic E. coli bacterium (red) connected to epithelial cells (green) via nanotubes

Type III secretion system
Type III secretion system

Expression of type III secretion system (T3SS) by infecting enteropathogenic E. coli: green, bacteria; red, T3SS; blue, host cell nuclei.

Formation of actin "pedestals"
Formation of actin "pedestals"

Formation of actin "pedestals" (red, actin filaments) by epithelial cells infected with enteropathogenic E. coli

Nanotubes
Nanotubes

Enteropathogenic E. coli bacterium (red) connected to epithelial cells (green) via nanotubes

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